Human Physiology

Mission: To provide affordable, accessible, and exceptional education that fosters student success

Term:    Spring 2018
Course:   Zoo
   Human Physiology
Delivery Format:  Traditional

Instructor Information:

Name:  Danny Wann
Office Location:  RC204
Preferred Contact Method:
Office Phone:  918-647-1411
Office Hours: 
As posted
Alternate Phone:  918-658-8471 for emergency only

Textbook 1 Information: Recommended                                         
Human Physiology  Stuart Ira Fox 978-0-07-783637-5

Textbook 2 Information: Required
Customized Human Physiology Lab Manual Stuart Ira Fox 0-697-24834-8

Textbook 3 Information: Click to choose an item
Click here to enter Title,    Click here to enter Author,    Click here to enter ISBN#.

Course Description:
This course examines the functions of the human body systems in maintaining the ultimate goal, homeostasis.
Credit Hours:  4.00
Prerequisites:  Zoology 1114 and Chemistry 1115. 3 hours Theory, 2 hours Laboratory.
Co-requisites:  Click here to enter Co-Requisites




Student Learning Outcomes (SLO’s):

SLO 1. Upon completion of the course will be able to discuss mechanisms of homeostasis.
-Students will be able to define homeostasis.
-Students will be able to list the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
-Students will be able to compare and contrast positive and negative feedback in terms of the relationship between stimulus and response.
-Students will be able to explain why negative feedback is the most commonly used mechanism to maintain homeostasis in the body.
-Students will be able to provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the nervous system to relay information.
-Students will be able to provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the endocrine system to relay information.
-Students will be able to provide an example of a positive feedback loop in the body.

SLO 2. Upon completion of the course students will be able to assess the role of cellular respiration.
-Students will be able to describe the processes of glycolysis.
-Students will be able to describe the principal reactants and products of each major step in glucose oxidation.
-Students will be able to describe the processes of protein catabolism and anabolism.
-Students will be able to summarize the overall process of the beta oxidation of fatty acids and explain how it relates to ketogenesis, and ketoacidosis.
-Students will be able to state the overall reaction for glucose catabolism.
-Students will be able to explain where and how cells produce ATP.
-Students will be able to predict the metabolic conditions that would favor each of the following processes: glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, and gluconeogenesis.

SLO 3. Upon completion of the course students will be able to evaluate mechanisms for movement of materials across cell membranes.
-Students will be able to describe the structure of the plasma membrane.
-Students will be able to explain what is meant by a selectively permeable membrane.
-Students will be able to describe how proteins are distributed in a cell membrane, and explain their functions.
-Students will be able to explain the composition and functions of the glycocalyx that coats cell surfaces.
-Students will be able to define osmolarity and tonicity and explain their importance.
-Students will be able to describe the effects of hypertonic, isotonic, and hypotonic conditions on cells.
-Students will be able to give examples of membrane transport processes in the human body.
-Students will be able to discuss the energy requirements and, if applicable, the sources of energy for membrane transport processes.

SLO 4. Upon completion of the course students will be able to compare and contrast neurotransmitters and their roles in synaptic transmission.
-Students will be able to define excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) and inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP).
-Students will be able to give examples of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators and describe their actions.
-Students will be able to explain how stimulation of a neuron causes a local electrical response in its membrane.
-Students will be able to discuss the relationship between a neurotransmitter and its receptor.
-Students will be able to describe the events of synaptic transmission in proper chronological order.
-Students will be able to explain how a neuron "decides" whether or not to generate action potentials.
-Students will be able to interpret graphs showing the voltage vs. time relationship of an action potential.

SLO 5. Upon completion of the course students will be able to explain mechanisms of the CNS and ANS.
-Students will be able to describe reflex responses in terms of the major structural and functional components of a reflex arc.
-Students will be able to propose how specific reflexes would be used in clinical assessment of nervous system function.
-Students will be able to explain the significance of the brain barrier system.
-Students will be able to discuss the functional differences between the right and left cerebral hemispheres.
-Students will be able to explain how the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system differ in general function.
-Students will be able to discuss the relationship of the adrenal glands to the sympathetic nervous system.
-Students will be able to differentiate between cholinergic and adrenergic nerve fibers and discuss the physiological interactions of transmitters released by these neurons with specific cholinergic and adrenergic receptor subtypes.
-Students will be able to describe major parasympathetic and/or sympathetic physiological effects on target organs.

SLO 6. Upon completion of the course students will be able to identify functional roles of the major hormones produced by the body.
-Students will be able to compare and contrast how the nervous and endocrine systems control body function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which the controlling signals are transferred through the body and the time course of the response(s) and action(s).
-Students will be able to describe the roles of negative and positive feedback in controlling hormone release.
-Students will be able to list the hormones released during short-term stress and describe the hormonal action.
-Students will be able to predict factors or situations affecting the endocrine organs that could disrupt homeostasis.
-Students will be able to briefly describe some common disorders of pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal function.
-Students will be able to describe how hormones are synthesized and transported to their target organs.
-Students will be able to explain how the pituitary is controlled by the hypothalamus and its target organs.

SLO 7. Upon completion of the course students will be able to compare and contrast the functions of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
-Students will be able to describe the major functions of muscle tissue.
-Students will be able to describe the ways that muscles work in groups to aid, oppose, or moderate each other's actions.
-Students will be able to explain the sliding filament theory of muscle contraction.
-Students will be able to describe the function of each of the contractile, regulatory, and structural protein components of a sarcomere.
-Students will be able to distinguish between two physiological types of muscle fibers, and explain their functional roles.
-Students will be able to describe the physiological properties that all muscle types have in common.
-Students will be able to relate the unique properties of smooth muscle to its locations and functions.
-Students will be able to describe the structural and physiological differences between cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle.

SLO 8. Upon completion of the course students will be able to predict homeostatic imbalance related to the cardiovascular system.
-Students will be able to describe the functions and major components of the circulatory system.
-Students will be able to name and describe the types, causes, and effects of RBC excesses and deficiencies.
-Students will be able to discuss the types, causes, and effects of leukocyte excesses and deficiencies.
-Students will be able to describe some disorders of blood clotting.
-Students will be able to describe the body’s mechanisms for controlling bleeding.
-Students will be able to explain what happens to blood clots when they are no longer needed.

SLO 9. Upon completion of the course students will be able to identify functions of the respiratory system.
-Students will be able to explain how each of the following affect pulmonary ventilation - bronchiolar smooth muscle contractions, lung and thoracic wall compliance and recoil, and pulmonary surfactant and alveolar surface tension.
-Students will be able to describe the factors that govern gas exchange in the lungs and systemic capillaries.
-Students will be able to explain how the respiratory system relates to other body systems to maintain homeostasis.
-Students will be able to describe the mechanisms of transporting O2 and CO2.
-Students will be able to contrast the composition of inspired and alveolar air.
-Students will be able to discuss how partial pressure affects gas transport by the blood.
-Students will be able to discuss the effect of blood gases and pH on the respiratory rhythm.

SLO 10. Upon completion of the course students will be able to discuss factors regulating and altering mechanisms of the urinary system.
-Students will be able to name the major nitrogenous wastes and identify their sources.
-Students will be able to describe how the renal tubules reabsorb useful solutes from the glomerular filtrate and return them to the blood.
-Students will be able to describe the process by which the kidney filters the blood plasma, including the relevant cellular structure of the glomerulus.
-Students will be able to describe how the nervous system, hormones, and the nephron itself regulate filtration.
-Students will be able to describe how the tubules secrete solutes from the blood into the tubular fluid.
-Students will be able to explain how the collecting duct and antidiuretic hormone regulate the volume and concentration of urine.
-Students will be able to describe the composition and volume of urine.

SLO 11. Upon completion of the course students will be able to evaluate the metabolic role of the digestive system.
-Students will be able to distinguish between mechanical and chemical digestion.
-Students will be able to describe how each major class of nutrients is chemically digested, name the enzymes involved, and discuss the functional differences among these enzymes.
-Students will be able to explain how the stomach produces hydrochloric acid and pepsin.
-Students will be able to describe the three phases of gastric function and how gastric activity is activated and inhibited.
-Students will be able to describe the digestive secretions and functions of the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
-Students will be able to describe how each type of nutrient is absorbed by the small intestine.
-Students will be able to explain the neurological control of defecation.

Evaluation/Assessment Practices


Assignments and Course Format:

The general format of the class will be lecture, discussion, and individual investigation in the lab. The student will be responsible for reading the assigned topics before class and for participation in class discussion. Presentations as well as research papers will be assigned when appropriate



Grade Scale:

90-100              A
80-89                B
70-79                C
60-69                D
59 and below   F


Grading Policies:


A total of 6 major examinations will be given during the semester. The exams will be objective in nature to include multiple choice, true/false, and possible matching questions. Each examination will be a sectional test covering material that has been covered since the previous examination. The final test may be comprehensive.  These exams will comprise 600 points while the lab will constitute 200 points.  (The test will make up 3/4 of the grade and the lab will make up 1/4 of the grade).  If a major paper is assigned it will make up 25% of the total lab grade and the paper may be checked by a plagiarism web site.
     All assignments are due on the due date. I will not take late assignments. Assignments not received on time will have a zero recorded. All students are responsible for making sure your assignments are turned in on time.
LAB: Will be organized at the discretion of the instructor. You will work in groups of 2 or 3 but no more than 3 in a group. You will partner with lecture class mates not necessarily lab class mates. If necessary,
instructor will choose your lab partners. Instructor reserves the right to move you into a different lab if necessary for any reasons that may make this a more functional lab.

 Students are expected to take tests at the time they are scheduled. A student that cannot make the exam at the time it is scheduled must contact the instructor prior to missing the test to be able to make that exam up. Only then the student will be able to take it during the last scheduled lab of class at the instructor's discretion. Arrangements can be made for "special" occasions which are under the discretion of the instructor. There will not be a curve or bonus on any make-up examination. All final decisions will be made in the fairest manner possible by the instructor. Lab tests will not be made up. Lab assignments will not be made up. I will not take assignments late! I do drop your lowest lab grade. I do not drop the lowest lecture test grade. All final decisions will be made in the fairest manner possible by the instructor.



            * Get the papers turned in on time.  You make sure your group has turned them in and you make sure that I have all the grades I should have for you.  You should check in periodically to see if everything is up to date.  I will post your grades after every lecture exam by your student I. D. These will be posted in Random order.
SUPPLIES: Goggles, Gloves, #2 pencil, scantrons and your Time and Commitment!!!


            Attendance is a must to be successful in this or any other course. Excessive absences (more than 4) may lead to the student being failed or administratively dropped from the course.  Attendance records will be kept and excessive absences will be reported to the office of Academic affairs. Attendance should be prompt and on time. If you come in the class after the teacher, you are late and you are absent. This disrupts class and is rude as well as disrespectful. You may be ask to turn around and leave. Once you have made it to class on time, I would prefer you not to sleep in class. Again, you may be ask to leave. There is no such thing as an excused absence.  If you know you are going to be gone, come by or call and talk to me prior to leaving.

Additional Course Information:

CELL PHONES: You are to turn them off or silent during class. While testing they are to be off and put away. We will google some things during class so they will be utilized from time to time.
Class Behavior: STUDENTS are expected to act like an adult. Unruly or disruptive behavior will result in your permanent dismissal from class.
NO Tobacco products on any CASC campus. This is a NON-Smoking institution.



Student Email:

IMPORTANT- All course information, billing, financial aid notices, housing information, scholarship awards, degree check results, and other mail will be sent to you via student email. Please remember to check your student email often for important information.

ADA statement:


Carl Albert State College complies with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Students with disabilities who need special accommodations should make their request in the following way:

 *      Talk with your instructor after class about your disability or special needs related to work in class.


 Poteau Campus

*      Complete the Request for Special Accommodations Form with the Student Disability Services Coordinator. You can Reach Crissy Keeton at 918-647-1319, or in the LRC on the third floor of the Ollie building rm 1318.

Sallisaw Campus

*      Complete the Request for Special Accommodations Form with the Assistant Student Disability Services Coordinator located in the Learning Resource Center in office SC 8025. .


*      Call or e-mail your instructor about your disability or special needs related to work in web courses.

*      Complete the Request for Special Accommodations Form with the Student Disability Services Coordinator. You may find information on our website under Student Affairs/Student Disability Services.


·         LRC: The Learning Resource Center is located in the George Ollie Center for Academic Excellence on the third floor, in room 1301; Crissy Keeton, the LRC director, may be reached at 918-647-1319. The LRC offers tutoring in a variety of subjects including math and English: specific tutoring schedules are available.  The LRC also offers notes and textbooks for many classes, as well as a computer lab and study area. Hours of operation are Monday through Thursdays from 8 am to 6 p.m., and on Fridays from 8 am to 4 pm.

·         Counseling: CASC Student Counseling Services provides free counseling to students who are struggling with school, home life, or a disability. Overseeing the CASC Student Counseling Center is Kerrie Blair, MS, LPC.  She serves as counselor at Carl Albert State College and may be reached by phone (918) 647-1389, text (918) 658-5568, or email


·         Library: Research for your class should be conducted at the CASC Libraries.  College-level research requires college-level sources. CASC Libraries offer a number of appropriate sources in both print and electronic formats.  Visit the library in person for research assistance or at 

Phone: 918-647-1311 (Poteau)  918-775-6977 (Sallisaw)
Facebook:  Library Friends @ Carl Albert State College
Twitter:  @CASCLibrary
Instagram: casclibrary 


HEA-Required information:

The National Postsecondary Education Cooperative (NPEC) issued Information Required to Be Disclosed Under the Higher Education Act of 1965: Suggestions for Dissemination (NPEC 2010-831). This publication is available at


Additional Information including Student Handbook, FERPA, Financial Aid, Clery Report, and student consumer information are located at

Notification of class cancellation:

In the event class must be cancelled by the instructor the student will be notified through various methods including, but not limited, to the following:  text message, email, or written notification.  Students should check their Carl Albert email accounts regularly for such notifications.  When possible, instructors will provide notification in advance.

In instances of school closure the notification process occurs in the following ways: the alert system is used to send messages including phone calls, text messages, and emails to all names in the alert system as soon as a decision has been made regarding the status of CASC; an email is sent to all Carl Albert email addresses; closure information is posted to the CASC website as quickly as possible; the phone message for incoming calls at the CASC switchboard will indicate closed status; local radio stations and television stations are notified; however television may or may not post our information so please be sure to check other sources of information as listed above.

Assessment Statement

Assessment is the process that evaluates the learning experience with the purpose of continual improvement and has the objective of assuring the accomplishment of the mission of Carl Albert State College.

Academic Integrity/ Misconduct Policy: 

The following will apply in connection with academic dishonesty:


A. The instructor and his/her Division Chairperson have final authority over the grades given to students   or the lowering of grades because of cheating or plagiarism.


B. The term “cheating” includes, but is not limited to:


1.       The use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations.


2.       Dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or carrying out other assignments.


3.   Acquisition, without permission, of tests or other academic material belonging to a member of the college faculty or staff.  The term “plagiarism” includes, but is not limited to, the use, by paraphrase or direct quotation, of the published or unpublished   work of another person without full and clear acknowledgment.  It also includes the unacknowledged use of materials prepared by another person or agency engaged in the selling of term papers or other academic materials.


If it is established that cheating or plagiarism has more than likely occurred:


A. The instructor may take appropriate disciplinary action, which may include the awarding of an “F” on the particular assignment or in the course.


B. The instructor will make a report of the incident and of action taken to the Vice President for Academic  Affairs.


C. The student will receive a copy of the report if s/he desires and may appeal the decision of the instructor to the Academic Affairs Committee.


D. The student and instructor may meet individually with the Academic Affairs Committee to present documentation pertinent to the appeal. Once the Academic Affairs Committee renders its decision, the appeal process is concluded.


Carl Albert State College considers all forms of academic misconduct and dishonesty serious matters which warrant serious attention. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, cases of cheating and plagiarism, and is, at the very least, subject to disciplinary action by the instructor of record. More serious infractions will warrant disciplinary actions by the college. 


Plagiarism is considered unacceptable and incompatible with the educational mission of Carl Albert State College. Since plagiarism always carries consequences, all students are expected to be familiar with the rules for avoiding plagiarism. 


Intentional plagiarism is a deliberate act of academic dishonesty in which an individual knowingly represents the work or knowledge of another person as one’s own, knowingly incorporates into one’s work the words or ideas of another person without clear attribution, fails to acknowledge clearly the partial or full authorship of someone else when submitting a work, and/or consistently fails to cite or quote textual resources properly.


Cheating is considered to be a serious infraction of academic integrity and as such is not tolerated at CASC. Specifically, cheating includes, but is not limited to, instances where work is turned in that is not one’s own, copying others’ answers in exams and/or papers, infiltration of grading systems, use of deception in acquisition of answers, and/or instances of forgery. 


Grade Protest

Students may challenge a final grade, provided a solution cannot be reached through proper academic channels. Students should first contact their instructor and then the Division Chair if resolution is not satisfactory. Appeals for the purpose of challenging a final grade must be made to the Academic Affairs Committee within 90 days after the grade in question appears on the permanent record.  Information concerning procedures to be followed is available from the Office of Admissions and Records. (CASC Catalog, p. 74)


Faculty Complaints

A student who feels he or she has serious grounds and evidence to demonstrate unfair treatment by a faculty member may file a formal written complaint with the division chair. First, however, the student is encouraged to visit with the faculty member on an informal basis to discuss the situation. If, after that visit, the student still wishes to file a formal complaint, the division chair will call a meeting between the student and the faculty member to discuss the complaint and any further action. If the issue still remains unresolved, the division chair, faculty member, and student will meet with the Associate Vice President of Instruction in the Academic Affairs Office.


Semester Regulations Concerning the Beginning and End of the Term

Students should keep in mind that the semester begins with the first day of class, and ends with the last day of the designated final exam period.  For that reason, and because final exams may be scheduled up to and through the last day of the final exam schedule, students should not plan to travel until the first day after the end of finals week, unless approval is granted by the division chair AND the Academic Affairs Office. Students may request changes in individual final exam times in writing and through completion of the Change in Final Exam form. Forms are located in the office of the registrar. Requests for change for personal convenience are generally not approved. Approvals are normally limited for the following reasons:

    1. Conflict with working hours on a job that has been held during the term, and for which working schedules cannot be readily adjusted.
    2. Religious reasons.
    3. Four finals in one day. Where amicable agreement cannot be reached by the student and the instructors, the division chair and/or Academic Affairs Office can grant accommodations.
    4. Military obligations verified in writing.
    5. Other exceptional hardship cases including health reasons concerning immediate members of the household and/or death of an immediate family member or attendance of a funeral of an immediate family member.

Additionally, with take-home final exams, instructors have the option and may choose to make those due on the last day of finals.

Students are required to:

1.        complete the Change in Final Exam form;

2.        request the signature and approval of the designated instructor;

3.        submit the form to the appropriate division chair for approval;

4.        The form will be forwarded to the Academic Affairs Office or designee (Vice President for Sallisaw campus).

5.        The Academic Affairs office will then inform the student of the results of the request.

*Requests will be finalized within 72 hours of the formal request.


Withdrawal Policy:
Students withdrawing from courses should first consult instructors and refer to the current student handbook or website for withdrawal procedures.  Additionally, the student should contact the offices of Financial Aid, Admissions, Business, and Retention.  Students failing to attend initial class meetings will be dropped from the class without notification.  Beyond that, failure to attend class is not equivalent to dropping the class; students who fail to formally drop the class will receive a grade in the course.


Online Etiquette Statement:

Carl Albert State College expects online users to follow the same basic rules that apply in face-to-face communication.  The following guidelines provide direction for students using Internet-based communication.  Failure to follow appropriate communication rules may result in negative consequences.


1.       Think before you write.  What you say online is permanent.  Review and edit before you post and take the feeling of others into consideration.

2.       Be friendly and positive.  Even if you disagree with an idea there are ways you can approach your criticism without being hurtful.

3.       Use standard English.  Avoid slang and jargon with which others in the class may be unfamiliar.  Communication is only effective if the audience can relate to it.

4.       Be professional.  Avoid writing in all caps, using multiple exclamation or question marks, and emoticons. 

5.       Ask for help.  If you feel lost, or need clarification, ask.  If you don’t ask the questions your instructor and other students won’t be able to respond.  Besides, you’re probably not alone, but don’t wait for someone else to ask for you.


Statement of Instructor Modification Right

This syllabus is subject to alteration at the discretion of the instructor.  Notification of alteration will be provided to students via class announcement, e-mail, blackboard posting, or similar reasonable method.


Student Financial Responsibility Statement:

In addition to enrolling in classes, part of your enrollment responsibility is payment of your Business Office Account (tuition, fees, etc.)

If you have already paid your entire balance for the semester, and any past balances, thank you.

If you have not Carl Albert State College requires all students to either pay for their Business Office Account by the first day of class or enroll in the Nelnet Payment Plan located on the website by the first day of class.

Students who anticipate receiving financial aid must enroll in the Payment Plan as well.  If the financial aid pays for all costs then the payment plan will not go into effect.

If you have questions, please feel free to call the Business Office at 918-647-1325


Course Calendar.






Ch. 1, 2

Labs closed due to open enrollment


Ch. 2, 3

1.1,1.2-microscope, tissues, & mitosis


Ch. 3, 5

1.1,1.2 Due-Test 1- Microscope, tissues and mitosis


Ch. 5, Test 1

3.6 - 4.1


Ch. 6,10

3.6 - 4.1 Due


Ch. 11, 12

3.3,3.5-brain & spinal cord, case studies


Test 2, Ch.. 7

3.3,3.5 Due-Test 2- brain & spinal cord


Ch. 8, 9

5.3,7.5,7.6-heart & kidney, case studies


Ch. 9, Test 3

5.3,7.5,7.6 Due-Test 3- heart & kidney, case studies


Ch. 13, 14

7.7, 8.1, 8.2-Physical Fitness and Pulmonary Function, case studies


Ch. 14, Test 4

7.7, 8.1, 8.2 Due


Ch. 16, 17

 10.1, 11.1-Histology,Reproduction and endocrine, case studies


Ch. 17, 18

10.1, 11.1-Due


Ch. 19??, Test 5

Genetics-Handouts- case study assignments


Ch. 15, 20

Lecture and /or group presentations over assigned Case Studies


Ch. 20

Make-up lecture exams-Dead week


Final Test

No Lab


Physiology Lab Schedule with Presentations


Week 1                                 1.1 & 1.2 Microscope Tissues & Mitosis

week 2                                  Test over Lab I/   1.1 &1.2 Due

week 3                                  3.6, 3.7, 3.8, & 4.1

week 4                                  Labor Day

week 5                                  3.6, 3.7, 3.8, & 4.1 (Finish & Turn in)

week 6                                  3.3 & 3.5   Brain & Spinal Cord

week 7                                 Test over Brain & Spinal Cord

3.3 & 3.5 Due

week 8                                  5.3, 7.5, & 7.6 Heart & Kidney

week 9                                  Test over Heart & Kidney

5.3, 7.5, & 7.6 Due

week 10                               7.7, 8.1, & 8.2

week 11                               Presentations/   7.7, 8.1, & 8.2 Due

week 12                               Presentation/   Assign 10.1 & 11.1

week 13                               Finish Presentations

week 14                               Genetics- Lab/   10.1 & 11.1 Due

week 15                               Thanksgiving Break

week 16                               Makeup Test